Mr Emmanuel Manolas (a.k.a. Alkinoos) writes :

"I learned chess in my fourteens (rather late) when a known detergent here in Greece gave as a promotional gift a plastic chess and a leaflet of playing rules.

My first chess book, bought in 1964, was [To Alphavitario tou Skakisti (=The Alphabet book of the Chess-player)] by Eftyhis Vardoulakis, (Athens, 1958).

In 1969, when I entered the Polytechnic School of the University of Patras (Greece), I participated in the chess championship of the university and I won without a defeat. (I have never received my prize, a cup sent to me by the Chess Union of Students (based in Athens)).

In 1970, I won the Youth Cup of Western Greece, in a tourney held by [Fysiolatrikos Patron]. In the championship of the university, where I was responsible for carrying out the games, many better players participated (Hatzithomas, Tsourinakis, et al.). I noticed then that my academic grades were lowering, because my occupation with chess matters was too intense. I discontinued playing chess, I dealed for a while with postal chess and finally I turned to chess problems. I was solving problems in newspapers and magazines, I took part in solving contests and also I tried to compose chess problems.

When I was General Secretary of the [S. O. Patron (=Chess Club of Patras)], I started teaching lessons of 'artistic chess' to children. (See problem-233 composed in 1983 by the young chess-players Maroulis and Skoularikis, after these lessons).

The magazine [To Mat] (issue 26, 15-01-1984), edited by Triantafyllos Siaperas, honoured me by dedicating the problems column to my compositions. (You may see them below).

After the Chess Olympiad 1984 in Thessaloniki, I abandoned chess.

In 2006, I started to write some articles about chess problems in the Internet Wikipedia (Greek language). In order to write for contemporary matters, I tried to find old friends and so I met again with Harry Fougiaxis, who had become in the meantime an international maitre (IM) in composition.

He motivated me and I participated in our national solving contest 2007. I observed there that the solvers were only 20 from all over Greece, very few in comparison with a local chess tourney, planned to start in the same place after the solving contest, with 160 small players.

I enhanced then my old chess problem notes, and I asked from various chess clubs to make one of their rooms available for chess problems lessons. Only [Panionios of New Smirni] gave permission, but the participation was minimal.

In 2007 I gave book-form to my notes, and I started to give away copies to friends, but I was sure that something better should be done.

In 2008 I started to publish the blog [http://kallitexniko-skaki.blogspot.com]. It seems now that it was a good move. After six months I count more than 5000 discrete visitors from all over the world, and many of them repeat their visits more than 200 times. (You read the english language version [http://chess-problems-gr.blogspot.com] of this blog).

I hope that the young problemists will find these posts useful and that better days for the 'artistic chess' will come."

**Exercise 6. The solutions are written after the problems.**

(Problem 230) Emmanuel Manolas, chess magazine [To Mat], 1984 Mate in 3 moves. #3 ( 11 + 8 ) | |

[r7/2PqS3/3p3b/1b3P2/s2k1B2/1BpS1P2/QPP5/7K] |

From which diagonal does the Queen give mate?

(Problem 231) Emmanuel Manolas, chess magazine [To Mat], 1984 Mate in 3 moves. #3 ( 3 + 8 ) | |

[8/1Q5b/5Kpk/8/2B2p1r/6p1/1p6/2b5] |

Square e2 is just promising, but d5 is critical.

(Problem 232) Emmanuel Manolas, chess magazine [To Mat], 1984 Mate in 3 moves. #3 ( 8 + 7 ) | |

[8/K1S5/p3p2B/2k1S3/2P5/4pP2/1p1pP3/1s1Q4] |

Interesting mate pictures from all the pieces.

(Problem 233) Emmanuel Manolas, George Maroulis, Fotis Skoularikis original, 29-10-1983 Mate in 3 moves. #3 ( 7 + 4 ) | |

[1Kb5/3Rr3/1k4rB/1P1R4/1P3S2/8/8/8] |

The problem is a Meredith with a Plachutta key.

Mr George Maroulis (born 17-08-1971) was 12 years old then. The Greek Chess Federation gives for him 'ELO 2105'.

Mr Fotis Skoularikis (born 15-02-1970) was 13 years old then. The Greek Chess Federation gives for him 'ELO 2115'.

They have learned chess earlier, they became better players.

**Solutions of the problems**

**(Problem 230)**Emmanuel Manolas, chess magazine [To Mat], 1984, Mate in 3 moves.

Before we make a move we observe that if the Knight goes north [1...Sc5 / Sb6], then the wQ can mate from the diagonal a1-d4 (2.bxc3+ Kxc3 3.Qb2#).

There are two tries : {1.bxc3+? Sxc3!}, {1.Qb1? [2.Qg1#] Rg8!}.

**Key : 1.Qa1!**[2.Qg1#]

1...Qe6 / Qxe7 2.Qg1+ Qe3 3.Qxe3# (The wQ mates from the diagonal g1-d4)

1...Bxf4 2.Qg1+ Be3 3.Qg7# (The wQ mates from the diagonal h8-d4)

1...Rg8 2.bxc3+ Sxc3 3.Qa7# (The wQ mates from the diagonal a7-d4)

1...cxb2 2.Qg1+ Kc3 3.Sd5#

**(Problem 231)**Emmanuel Manolas, chess magazine [To Mat], 1984, Mate in 3 moves.

Tries : {1.Qxh7+? Kxh7!}, {1.Qg7+? Kh5!}, {1.Be2? / Be6? f3!}.

**Key : 1.Bg8!**[2.Qxh7#]

If 1...Bxg8 2.Qg7+ Kh5 3.Qxg6#

If 1...Kh5 2.Qd5+ (The wQ has moved to d5 and the wB should be able to move to e6).

____2...Kh6 / g5 3.Q(x)g5#

____2...Kg4 3.Be6#

**(Problem 232)**Emmanuel Manolas, chess magazine [To Mat], 1984, Mate in 3 moves.

Tries : {1.Sb5? axb5!}, {1.Bf8+? Kd4!}, {1.Qb3? Kd6!}.

**Key : 1.Qa4!**[2.Qa5+ Kd4 / Kd6 3.Sxe6# / Bf8#]

If 1...Sc3 2.Bf8+ Kd4 3.Sc6#

If 1...Sa3 2.Qa3+ Kd4 3.Qxe3#

If 1...Kd6 2.c5+ Kxc7 / Ke7 / Kxe5 / Kxc5 3.Qd7# / Qh4# / Qf4# / Bf8#

Theme X-flights of the bK. All the white pieces give mate.

**(Problem 233)**Emmanuel Manolas & George Maroulis & Fotis Skoularikis, original, 29-10-1983, Mate in 3.

Tries : {1.Rd6+? Rxd6!}, {1.Sxg6? [2.Rd6#] Bxd7!}.

**Key : 1.Se6!**[2.Rd6# / Be3#, Plachutta intersection]

If 1...Rg6xe6 2.Be3+ Rxe3 3.Rd6#

If 1...Re7xe6 2.Rd6+ Rxd6 3.Be3#

(This post in Greek language).

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